Northumbria University Centre for Forensic Science

Year: 2009

Forensic anthropology and human identification

M.P. Evison “Forensic anthropology and human identification”. In J. Fraser & R. Williams (Eds.) Handbook of Forensic Science. London, Willan Publishing. (2009).

Tags: , Martin Evison

Genetic structure of nomadic Bedouin from Kuwait

T. Mohammad, Y. Xue, M.P.Evison & C. Tyler-Smith. Heredity, 103, pp. 425-433. (2009),

Abstract

Bedouin are traditionally nomadic inhabitants of the Persian Gulf who claim descent from two male lineages: Adnani and Qahtani. We have investigated whether or not this tradition is reflected in the current genetic structure of a sample of 153 Bedouin males from six Kuwaiti tribes, including three tribes from each traditional lineage. Volunteers were genotyped using a panel of autosomal and Y-STRs, and Y-SNPs. The samples clustered with their geographical neighbours in both the autosomal and Y-chromosomal analyses, and showed strong evidence of genetic isolation and drift. Although there was no evidence of segregation into the two male lineages, other aspects of genetic structure were in accord with tradition.

Tags: , Martin Evison

A standard procedure for accommodating forensic anthropological and genetic analysis of decomposing human remains from tropical climates

M.A. Guimarães, J.A. Soares-Vieira, R.H. Alves Da Silva & M.P. Evison. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series 2, pp. 165-166. (2009).

Abstract

At the Medical Legal Center in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil (CEMEL/FMRP-USP), unidentified decomposing bodies routinely undergo soft tissue removal (by immersion in water at 80–90 °C for 24 h) prior to an anthropological analysis intended to yield a biological profile of age, sex, ancestry, height, pathology and so on. In the event that this analysis is unsuccessful, samples may be submitted for DNA profiling. The tropical climate and the defleshing process may confound preservation, recovery and analysis of DNA, however. In order to establish an optimal standardized protocol for identification of decomposing human remains from a tropical climatic region, the outcome of anthropological and genetic analyses was compared, along with the utility of bone (mainly femur and sternum) and teeth (mainly molar) specimens for DNA analysis. In a sample (n = 39) of partially skeletonized remains, anthropological analysis was sufficient for identification in eight cases. In further six cases, DNA profiling was successfully attempted. As a consequence of our study, we recommend collection of 1–2 well preserved teeth prior to defleshing and anthropological analysis in these circumstances.

Tags: , Martin Evison

The use of DNA stabilizing solution to enable room temperature storage and transportation of buccal and trace sample swabs

C.E. Swinfield, E.M.A. Graham, D. Nuttall, S. Maguire, A. Kemp & G.N. Rutty. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series 2, 2(1), pp. 183–184. (2009).

Abstract

This is a demo abstract.

Tags: , Eleanor Graham

The Handbook of Forensic Science

J. Fraser & R. Williams (Eds). “The Handbook of Forensic Science” Cullompton, Willan Publishing. (2009).

Tags: , Robin Williams

Disciplinarity and Research Identity in Nanoscale Science and Technologies

M. Wienroth. “Disciplinarity and Research Identity in Nanoscale Science and Technologies” in Ach, J.S. & Weidemann C. (Eds), Size Matters. Nanobiotechnology and Nano-Medicine: Ethical, Legal and Social Aspects, Berlin: Lit, 157–177. (2009).

Tags: , Matthias Wienroth

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